Finish extracting - the sooner you do it the easier the honey will be centrifuged.
Check your colonies are queen right - the brood nest will not necessarily be large
but there should be some eggs, larvae and sealed brood.
Unite weak but healthy colonies before treatment and feeding.
Feed your bees. They will take sugar syrup down while the warm weather lasts. Check
what stores they already have. If you took the supers off early in order to treat
for varroa, the colony may have since put away enough stores to last through the
winter, especially if you have a late flow from ivy. If the stores are less than
40 lb give sugar syrup to raise the store level to 40 lb. Add thymol to the sugar
syrup at 1 teaspoon of thymol solution (30% thymol in IMS or IPA) per 4 litres of
sugar syrup. Avoid spillage of sugar syrup in the apiary.
Guard against robbing and ingress of mice by restricting the hive entrance to 8 mm
If wasps are a problem put out traps (a little jam in a jar half full of water with
8 mm holes cut in the lid).
Colonies with old queens should be re-queened by uniting to a nucleus with this year’s
queen, or by introducing a new queen in a cage.
Winter 5 frame nucs with new queens by feeding them 60% sugar syrup (in its own feeder)
until the end of November. Two nucs can be sited under one roof with entrances at
Clean the extracted supers by returning them to the bees then, after scraping, put
them away for the winter.
Monitor the level of varroa by counting the mites that fall onto a tray under a mesh
floor. Treat with Apiguard or lactic acid or icing sugar.
A late queen cell should be left alone as the bees may be superseding their queen.